BMC, the acronym for Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation, also referred to as Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai, is the biggest and most affluent civic organisation tasked with governing the iconic Mumbai city. Founded in accordance with the Bombay Municipal Corporation Act 1888, its responsibility lies with the civic infrastructure as well as the day to day running of the city. BMC’s motto that reads ‘Where there is Righteousness, there shall be victory’, is engraved on the placard of its coat of arms. The directorial headquarters of BMC located in South Mumbai is built using the Indo Saracenic architectural design.
The BMC performs a number of functions in Mumbai including maintaining provision of good health services in hospitals, street lighting, maintenance of recreational areas, sewage management and disposal, garbage dumping, street sanitation, large scale production of medicinal drugs for prevention of disease outbreaks, recording of births and fatalities, administration of markets, and establishments and overall security of the city.
Additionally, BMC manages over 1000 learning institutions in the city with the schools enrolling over 650, 000 students. The objective of BMC is to offer quality primary education at affordable costs.
The Municipal commissioner, who must be an IAS official, heads the BMC. The commissioner is bestowed with the executive powers of the organisation. During the quinquennial elections, corporators are elected to take up office. They are tasked with ensuring that their counties have the fundamental civic infrastructure as expected as well as keep the checks and balances of the authorities.
The BMC is currently formulating the Mumbai Development Plan 2014-2034, popularly referred to as the twenty year development plan for the city of Mumbai. In fact, the BMC is always tasked with the responsibility of crafting a development after every two decades. This development plan determines how the existing land located in the city is to be utilised for public services such as education, health, and sanitisation.
A lot of citizen organisations and planners deem the 20-year Mumbai Development Plan as vital, seeing as the city continues to grapple with dearth of open spaces. The BMC is obliged to leave a 60-day window period for public scrutiny of the proposed plan before its approval and implementation.